Coronary heart disease on the rise: Minister

Coronary heart disease on the rise: Minister

"Most people know that using tobacco causes cancer and lung disease, but many people aren't aware that tobacco also causes heart disease and stroke - the world's leading killers", WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement.

Jan Odhano said that the government is responsible for protecting people's health from tobacco exposure and for this goal it has to strictly enforce the tobacco control laws in Pakistan to restrict access to tobacco. Secondhand smoke cannot only cause an upsurge in cardiovascular risk in nonsmokers, but also increases the risk manifold as exposure increases.

"WHO has estimated that tobacco use (smoking and smokeless) is now responsible for the death of about six million people across the world each year with numerous deaths occurring prematurely".

Cardiovascular diseases kill more people than any other cause of death worldwide while tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure contribute to approximately 12 per cent of all heart disease deaths. Cardiovascular illnesses kill 18 million individuals every year - with smoking liable for some three million of those deaths.

According to the Geneva-based United Nations health agency, globally one in five people over the age of 15 was a regular smoker in 2016.

However, the United States is now not on track, bogged down by litigation over warnings on cigarette packaging and lags in taxation, said Vinayak Prasad of the WHO's tobacco control unit. "Choose Health, not Tobacco".

The study did not directly compare the risk of e-cigarettes to tobacco cigarettes, but the researchers said the results suggest that those who use e-cigs may be at higher risk of lung infection than people who do not use the devices.

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"And one of the major factors impeding low- and middle-income countries is that certainly, countries face resistance from the tobacco industry that wishes to replace clients who die by freely marketing their products and keeping prices affordable for young people", says the WHO's Director of the Department for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, Douglas Bettcher. There are 1.1 billion adult smokers in the world today, and at least 367 million smokeless tobacco users.

"The tobacco companies place the brand name and logos on the cigarette themselves, it's a very good way to communicate with consumers", Cunningham said.

WHO's "Global Report on Trends in Prevalence of Tobacco Smoking 2000-2025", coincided with World No Tobacco Day 2018 observed every May 31. The WHO FCTC is a milestone in the promotion of public health.

Country response: Over half of all WHO Member States have reduced demand for tobacco, and nearly one in four are likely to meet the 30% reduction target by 2025.

"Even more alarming are the effects of smoking, which not only impacts the smoker's health, but also that of the people around them who are exposed to cigarette smoke as passive smokers".

Tobacco use has decreased in Australia, Brazil and Britain, where governments have enacted strong anti-smoking measures include higher taxes, bans and health warnings on the packaging.

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