How NASA Tech Is Helping Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano Response

How NASA Tech Is Helping Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano Response

That information includes detecting active fissures and fires, the height and composition of volcanic plumes, ground "deformation" caused by the movement of magma and images of ash and sulfur dioxide plumes, NASA said in their release.

Besides explosive eruptions from the summit, Kilauea is oozing lava into neighborhoods about 25 miles (40 kilometers) away.

At least 47 homes and other structures have been destroyed by almost two dozen fissures in the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens, and a man was seriously injured on Saturday by flying lava.

On Monday, lava entered and then stalled on the property of a geothermal plant near one of Kilauea's new volcanic vents. The remarkable footage was taken May 22 in the vicinity of the Puna Geothermal Venture, a plant that brings steam to the surface by way of several underground wells.

On Wednesday, Hawaii Governor David Ige said that while officials are continuing to monitor gases leaking from the power plant, "all wells are stable at this point". There also were plans to install metal plugs in the wells as an additional stopgap measure.

How NASA Tech Is Helping Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano Response

Officials shut down Puna Geothermal shortly after Kilauea began erupting on May 3.

Residents have been concerned about hazards if lava flowed over the plant's facilities or if the molten rock heated chemicals at the plant. A friend wrapped a sheet around his leg and called for help.

Mr Clinton, who was the first person to suffer a major injury at the hands of the eruption, said doctors saved his leg but he must avoid putting weight on it for six weeks.

That prompted safety warnings about toxic gas on the Big Island's southern coastline. Lava flowing from the volcano recently reached the ocean, causing a risky lava-haze phenomena known as ' laze' that sends acid- and glass-laced steam shooting into the air, creating yet another hazard for those downwind of the lava's ocean entry point. Inland, where molten rock is burning through jungle, methane explosions are hurling boulders while toxic gas is reaching some of the highest levels seen in recent times.

Laze occurs when hot lava meets the ocean, sending a plume of hydrochloric acid and steam, along with fine glass particles, into the air. There has been continuous low-level ash emission from Kilauea's summit with larger explosions every few hours, said U.S. Geological Survey geophysicist Mike Poland.

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