Women are better at surviving starvation and disease than men

Women are better at surviving starvation and disease than men

"Most of the female advantage was due to differences in mortality among infants". Yes, across the world, women are breaking norms and beliefs about men being the physically stronger sex. The fact that men average 72.6 pounds of muscle compared to the 46.2 found in women means we will keep asking you for help to open jars when the need arises. Life expectancy plummeted by more than 15 years.

During seven time periods marked by high-mortality populations, scientists examined deaths by disease, starvation, and violence. Among them were working and former slaves in Trinidad and the United States in the early 1800s, starvation victims in Sweden, Ireland and the Ukraine in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, and Icelanders affected by the 1846 and 1882 measles epidemics. When starvation hit Ukraine in 1933, young females lived 50 percent longer than males.

Lead author professor Virginia Zarulli, wrote: "The conditions experienced by the people in the analysed populations were horrific".

Most of the life expectancy gender gap was due to a female survival advantage in infancy rather than adulthood, the researchers found.

Yes, men naturally have a higher percentage of lean muscle mass when compared to women.

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Researchers at the University of Southern Denmark trawled through historic data looking at death rates for men and women who suffered famines and epidemics, or who were sold into slavery.

The migration to Africa was a huge shock to the population, who encountered new diseases, and 43 per cent of people died within their first year on Liberian soil. Life expectancy was staggeringly low - 1.68 years for men and 2.23 years for women. "It is striking that during epidemics and famines as harsh as those analyzed here, newborn girls still survived better than newborn boys". But at the height of the crisis, although life expectancy dropped to 18.17 for men, it only fell to 22.4 for women.

In the Ukrainian starvation - caused by a disastrous collectivisation of agriculture - life expectancy dropped from 41.58 to 7.3 years for men, and from 45.93 years for women to 10.9 years.

During Sweden's last major starvation, in 1771, abnormal weather resulted in widespread crop failures and life expectancy dropped to 17.15 years for males and 18.79 for females. Numerous people in Iceland died of complications of measles, including dysentery and bronchitis.

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